The Participatory Governance (PG) toolkit contains tools and resources relating to 9 different categories of participatory governance practices:
A. Public information – A first step towards participatory governance is helping citizens to have access to relevant information about government policies, decisions and actions. Check out this category for tools relating to advocating for freedom of information, supporting government transparency and facilitating the dissemination of public information.
B. Education and deliberation – Another important dimension of participatory governance is citizen education and deliberation. This category includes tools for making citizens aware of their rights and responsibilities (civic education), as well as a variety of innovative methods for helping citizens collectively learn about and deliberate on issues of priority public concern.
- Full Introduction to Education and Deliberation
- Public Forums
- Appreciative Inquiry Summits
- 21st Century Town Meeting
- Study Circles
- Citizen Juries
- Civic Education
- Deliberative polling
C. Advocacy and citizen voice – Helping citizens to publicly express their opinions and concerns is a core aspect of participatory governance. This section of the toolkit contains a number of tools for enhancing citizen voice and advocacy.
- Full Introduction to Advocacy and Citizen Voice
- Referenda & Citizen Initiatives
- People Centred Advocacy
D. Public dialogue – Enhanced dialogue between citizens and the state lies at the heart of participatory governance. This section of the toolkit describes a range of innovative approaches and tools for promoting more productive interactions between multiple state and non-state actors. Read More….
- Full Introduction to Public Dialogues
- Multi-Stakeholder Dialogue
- Public Conversations Project Dialogue
- Sustained Dialogue
- Using Dialogue Processes to Promote Social Change
E. Electoral transparency and accountability – Voting is a principal right and responsibility of citizens and a fundamental form of citizen participation. The tools presented in this section of the toolkit contribute to ensuring that elections are free and fair and help citizens make informed choices and hold politicians accountable for their electoral promises.
- Full Introduction to Electoral Transparency and Accountability
- CRINIS – Transparency in Political Financing
- Pre-election Voter Awareness Campaign
- Electoral transparency and accountability
F. Policy and planning – The design and implementation of public policies and plans that respond effectively to citizens’ priorities and needs are a key task of any government. The tools presented here enable citizens and civil society organisations to contribute actively and meaningfully to processes of public policy-making and planning, at both the local and national level.
- Full Introduction to Policy and Planning
- Community-based Monitoring System
- Participatory Development Planning
- Participatory Policy-Making
G. Public budgets and expenditures – Transparent, accountable, effective and efficient public financial management is key to good governance. The tools in this section of the toolkit are designed to help citizens understand and influence decisions about the allocation of public resources, monitor public spending and hold government actors accountable for their management of public financial resources.
- Full Introduction to Public Budgets and Expenditures
- Participatory Budgeting
- Community-led Procurement
- Public Expenditure Reporting and Tracking
- Alternative Budgets
- Independent Budget Analysis
- Budget Transparency
- Public Revenue Reporting and Monitoring
H. Monitoring and evaluating public services – Citizens around the world depend upon public services for their day-to-day existence. Services such as health care, education, water and sanitation and public transport are essential for citizens to thrive and, indeed, survive. This important collection of tools offers innovative ways for citizens to monitor and evaluate the accessibility, quality and efficiency of public services – leading to improved services and better quality of life for all citizens.
- Full Introduction to Monitoring and Evaluating Public Services
- Stakeholder Surveys
- Community Monitoring & Evaluation
- Citizen Report Cards
- Community Score Cards
- Social Audits
I. Public oversight – Many government around the world are plagued by corruption, patronage and lack of accountability. This section of the toolkit outlines a number of methods that citizens and civil society organisations can use to monitor and oversee public action and seek retribution for injustices or misdeeds.