“Special Procedures” is the name given to the mechanisms established by the UN Human Rights Council to address country or themati c issues in all parts of the world. These can be Special Rapporteurs (SRs), Independent Experts (IEs) or Working Groups (WGs).
SRs, WGs and IEs are positi ons held by independent experts mandated by the Human Rights Council to examine, monitor, advise and publicly report on thematic or country specifi c cases of human rights violati ons. They report annually to the Human Rights Council and, depending on their mandate, also to the UN General Assembly. Their reports can, in some cases, lead to politi cal pressure or induce acti on in countries where gross and systemic violations occur.