• UNITED STATES: ‘The 2020 election is a political and moral mandate against fascism’

    CIVICUS speaks about voter suppression and its implications for US democracy with Yael Bromberg, Chief Counsel for Voting Rights at The Andrew Goodman Foundation, an organisation thatworks to make the voices of young people – one of the most underrepresented voter groups in the USA – a powerful force for democracy. The Foundation was set up in 1966 to carry on the spirit and the purpose of Andy Goodman, who in 1964 joined Freedom Summer, a project aimed at registering Black Americans to vote to dismantle segregation and oppression, and who was murdered by the Ku Klux Klan on his first day in Mississippi. The Foundation supports youth leadership development, voting accessibility and social justice initiatives in almost a hundred higher learning institutions across the country.

    Yael Bromberg

    It is confusing for outside observers to see a country that promotes itself as the paragon of democracy put barriers that limit the right to vote of millions of its citizens. Can you tell us more about voter suppression in the USA?

    It's true that the USA has promoted itself as a beacon of democracy. As an immigrant and naturalised citizen whose grandparents survived the Holocaust and Soviet gulags, I appreciate some of the unique freedoms that are afforded in this country. For example, while our judicial system is currently under serious threat due to the politicisation and polarisation of the bench, it has generally withstood the type of corruption that is embedded in other countries. While our legal system is fraught and certain norms like extremist police impunity need to be tackled, our congressional system is able, if willing, to fill the gaps left by the judiciary. While big money, including dark money, has radically swamped our politics, serious advocates who have withstood far worse teach us that democracy is a long persistent journey and not a destination. Yes, we have systemic issues in this country that need serious repair, and real lives suffer due to the dysfunction of the tyranny of a minority. But we also have the founding American principles of freedom, liberty, and equality, and the possibility of fulfilling our ideal.

    At this nation’s founding, only property-owning white men had the right to vote. Through the constitutional ratification process, slavery was abolished and freed men were enfranchised. Unjust laws persisted, such as literacy tests and poll taxes for racial minorities to prevent them from voting. This was coupled with other Jim Crow laws that created arbitrary reasons to imprison freed slaves and force them back into labour camps, and to disenfranchise them upon release. Popular resistance grew as the physical and political violence of Jim Crow segregation was laid bare in the 1960s, leading to stronger laws and new constitutional amendments.

    Voter suppression today is the equivalent of the fox guarding the henhouse. Those who are privileged enough to define the laws determine who is in and who is out. For example, strict voter identification laws that go above and beyond standard proof of identification swept the nation after the election of President Obama. Alabama enacted strict voter identification, and then shut down driver licence offices where one could obtain such IDs throughout large rural sections of the state where Black people reside. Politicians draw district lines in efforts to secure their own party’s future, and their personal future bids for office. Polling places are not readily available on college campuses where young people are concentrated. Even during a global pandemic, vote-by-mail is not a universal right for all. While one state, New Jersey, offers at least 10 droboxes per town to collect vote-by-mail ballots, another, Texas, litigated the matter successfully to limit droboxes to only one per county. To make matters worse, when these laws are litigated, the courts do not always rule on behalf of the voters.

    This 2020 election season has been particularly startling. The federal judiciary seems obsessed with the idea that last-minute changes to election rules lead to voter suppression, even where the law expands access to the ballot. This defies logic. If the law limits access, that is one thing. However, if the law simply expands access, the harm to voters is unclear.

    The natural question that emerges from our paradigm is: if America truly is a beacon for democracy, then why are we so afraid to embrace the first three words in our Constitution – “We the People”?

    Was voter suppression a crucial issue in the context of the 2020 presidential election?

    Absolutely. The 2020 presidential election reveals at least five significant takeaways: 1) Our state governments are readily able to safely expand access to the ballot, including by extending early voting periods and vote by mail opportunities; 2) Voters across partisan lines take advantage of these mechanisms, and benefit from them, as demonstrated by the record-breaking voter turnout this year; 3) Expansion and election modernisation do not lead to voter fraud; 4) Voters were motivated to vote this year despite the discriminatory and arbitrary obstacles that were put in their way; 5) The myth of voter fraud, rather than actual systemic evidence of it, has emerged as a significant threat both to protecting access to the ballot and public confidence in our election systems.

    In 2013, the Supreme Court eviscerated a key sunshine provision of the 1965 Voting Rights Act. That safeguard mandated that states with a demonstrated history of voter suppression must get approval before changing their election laws. With the safeguard eliminated, the floodgates to voter suppression were open. The number of polling places shrank: 1,700 polling places were shut down between 2012 and 2018, including over 1,100 between the 2014 and 2018 midterm elections. Strict voter identification laws were passed, making it harder for poor people, people of colour and young people to vote. Other measures like the purging of state voter rolls and the rezoning of election districts further diluted voting power. It’s important to note that all of this happens on the back of the taxpayers – they foot the bill for the backlogged judiciary and the prevailing party’s litigation fees, and on the back of voters – they are forced to accept the results of a rigged election system even though the voter suppression law might be overturned in the future.

    The thin, fake trumpet of voter fraud has caused a clamping down on rights across the board. There was no reason why, especially amid a pandemic, access to vote-by-mail should not be universal. Yet, eight states only allowed voters over a certain age to vote by mail, but not younger voters. The pandemic does not discriminate, and neither should our electoral system. Similarly, the United States Postal Service was suddenly politicised as it became increasingly obvious that voters would be voting by mail at unprecedented rates. Discussions were renewed about its privatisation, and expensive mail sorting machines were ordered to be dismantled for no reason other than to suppress the vote. In the wake of the election, the Trump campaign has done much harm to delegitimise the results, even though not one shred of evidence of voter fraud was revealed in the over 50 lawsuits challenging the outcome of the election. This has been an extraordinary disservice to the country, as it has convinced a substantial base within one political party to question the outcome of an election that the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency has declared “the most secure in American history.”

    As all of this has taken place, the pandemic has also driven an expansion of access in key respects. Even some Republican-led states demonstrated leadership in expanding the early voting period and access to vote-by-mail systems. We must use this as a learning opportunity to push for common sense election modernisation, so it is not a pandemic-related, one-off thing. COVID-19 has normalised election modernisation from a fringe progressive issue to a mainstream one that empowers voters across the political spectrum. Moreover, while the Trump campaign’s endless unsubstantiated lawsuits may play to a certain base of voters, one wonders if they will cause the judiciary to be finally convinced that voter fraud is not pervasive. This is important because invariably, we will see voter suppression state laws introduced in the wake of this election, just as we saw following the 2008 Obama election, and they will certainly lead to legal challenges. Perhaps the courts will respond to such challenges differently this time around in light of the audit of the 2020 race.

    As much as voter suppression was present this cycle, the response was to overwhelm the system with voter engagement. As expected, election turnout was unprecedentedly high. Initial estimates indicate that youth turnout was even higher this cycle than when the voting age was lowered to 18 in 1971 and the base of newly eligible voters suddenly expanded. We simply cannot afford the voter apathy that we have seen in years past. In 2016, there were wins by razor-thin margins in three key states: Michigan, by 0.2 per cent, Pennsylvania, by 0.7 per cent and Wisconsin, by 0.8 per cent. Voter suppression can certainly be called into question with these types of slim margins. However, we cannot forget the power of voting: about 43 per cent of the eligible voter population did not vote in 2016. Current estimates indicate that approximately 34 per cent of the eligible voter population – about one in three voters – did not participate in 2020. How do we maintain this new record-setting voting rate, and even improve upon it, once fascism is no longer on the ballot?

    Can you tell us about the work done by The Andrew Goodman Foundation on the intersection of the two major issues of voting rights and systemic racism?

    The Andrew Goodman Foundation’s mission is to make young voices and votes a powerful force in democracy. Our Vote Everywhere programme is a national nonpartisan civic engagement and social justice movement led by young people on campuses across the country. The programme provides extensive training, resources and a peer network, while our Andrew Goodman Ambassadors register young voters, break down voting barriers and tackle important social justice issues. We are on nearly 100 campuses across the nation, and maintain a diverse docket of campuses, including People of Color Serving Institutions such as Historically Black Colleges and Universities.

    What is powerful about youth organising and voting is that it crosses all lines – sex, race, national origin and even partisanship. This was born out of the history of the expansion of the youth vote in 1971, when the 26th Amendment to the Constitution was ratified, thereby lowering the voting age to 18 and outlawing age discrimination in access to the franchise. It was the quickest amendment to be ratified in US history, in large part due to its nearly unanimous support across partisan lines. There was a recognition that young voters help safeguard the moral compass of the country, as recognised by then-President Richard Nixon during the ceremonial signing of the amendment.

    Andrew Goodman’s legacy is directly tied to solidarity struggles among and between communities for the betterment of the whole. Throughout the 1960s, Black college students in the south courageously sat at white-owned lunch counters in political protest for integration and equality. In May 1964, young Americans from across the country migrated south during Freedom Summer to register Black voters and overturn Jim Crow segregation. Three young civil rights workers were murdered by the Ku Klux Klan with the help of the county sheriff’s office: Andy Goodman and Mickey Schwerner, both Jewish men from New York who were only 20 and 24 years old, and James Chaney, a Black man from Mississippi who was only 21 years old. Their stories struck a public chord that helped galvanise support for the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965. It is a story about the power of young visionaries fighting for their futures, allyship, and about the power of what can be accomplished when Americans from different backgrounds come together in unity.

    Young activists led various social justice movements of the 1960s, just as they do today. When this country responded and enacted critical reforms, young people finally turned to their own enfranchisement as they were being sent to their graves early in endless war in Vietnam. Today, young people are leading the call for climate justice, for gun control, for human dignity for our Black and immigrant communities, and for affordable higher education. They have the most to gain and lose in our elections, because it is they who inherit the future. They recognise, particularly in light of the nation’s changing demographics, that the issue of youth voting rights is a racial justice issue. The more that we can look to the youth vote as a unifier – because all voters were young once – the more we can hope to inject some common sense into a contested and polarised system.

    Civic space in the USA is rated as ‘obstructed’ by theCIVICUS Monitor.
    Get in touch with the Andrew Goodman Foundation through itswebsite orFacebook page, and follow@AndrewGoodmanF and@YaelBromberg on Twitter.



  • Webinar: “How to Resource Youth-Led Movements in the 21st Century”

    Did you know that most youth-led groups and movements operate with an annual budget of less than 10,000 USD? It´s known that young people in the activism and development sector in the Global South face significant resourcing challenges: little capacity to attract funding and comply with donor requirements; ​restricted social, political and economic spaces to participate and grow; extensive gaps between the funds available to serve youth versus those managed directly by youth, and significant disparities between the resourcing opportunities that target young individual leaders within groups and movements rather than to the group itself, just to mention a few.

    These and other challenges, as well as potential resourcing opportunities, best practices and innovative models that can help to overcome them were discussed during the webinarHow to Resource Youth-Led Movements in the 21st Century”. This event was organised by CIVICUS with representatives of the CIVICUS Youth network and RECREAR on June 26th, 2019. If you missed it, watch it on CIVICUS’ Youtube channel and share your thoughts in the comment box.

    This webinar is part of CIVICUS’ efforts to help increase the resiliency of civil society in a context of systemic repressions and discriminations against it, and to promote changes in the behavior and culture of the funding community and the traditional civil society sector.

    The 21st century has showed us new dynamics in how citizens claim their rights, which is more evident in the case of youth-led civil action. Both funders and civil society organisations are invited to be part of this change by re-thinking how to work with this generation of young change-makers, especially those in the Global South, working at the local level and organising in more innovative ways. Together, we must advocate and raise awareness on the need for wider support to leverage our common networks, knowledge and visibility within the funding community to push for more and better resourcing mechanisms for young activists.

    The webinar’s panelists were Elisa Novoa, CIVICUS Youth Engagement Coordinator; Gioel Gioacchino, director of research at RECREAR; and Wilson Villones, researcher and a Goalkeepers Youth Action Accelerator advocate.

    We invite you to watch the webinar session where the panelists shared:

    • The key findings from CIVICUS’ “Landscape and trends ​analysis on resourcing​ youth-led groups and movements” ​
    • Why youth-led movements and groups need differentiated resourcing practices and models
    • Personal experiences with program that is intentionally tailoring support and resources to young activists: Goalkeepers Youth Action Accelerator

    The “Landscape and trends ​analysis on resourcing​ youth-led groups and movements” ​will be published as a toolkit and available to the public in September. Stay tuned!

    If you have any questions about this webinar or the analysis, please contact  

    Watch webinar:



  • Webinar: Youth for Diversity

    On 17 May, the International Day Against Homophobia, Biphobia, Interphobia & Transphobia (IDAHOBIT), we will hosted a Youth for Diversity webinar under the theme "South-South experiences on the human rights of LGBTIQ+ youth."

    The webinar brought together a panel of young activists from 4 regions in the Global South: Asia, Africa, Middle East and North Africa and the Pacific. Followingn this year's IDAHOBIT theme: Justice & Protection for All, the focus was to share insights into specific situations that young LGBTIQ+ communities experience, including the state of human rights and civil society engagement in their regions.

    The webinar went hand in hand with the Youth for Diversity Statement presented at one of the plenaries at CIVICUS’ International Civil Society Week in April. If you have not read and signed the statement yet, you may do so here.

    The panel explored how inclusion and diversity can ensure objectives are met or exceeded in civil society initiatives. Discussions were centered around the following questions:

    - Programming, interventions and solutions; how do we ensure we leave no one behind?
    - Practices and resourcing of inclusion and diversity.
    - What can come of South-South exchange, learning and collaboration?
    - The middle ground: how best do we move from passive ally-ship to meaningful partnership?

    Watch the full webinar below.


  • Young People and Inequalities: Recommendation for the Post- 2015 Development Agenda

    Leading up to the year 2015, the United Nations and Civil Society are organizing a series of consultations to help shape the post-2015 development agenda. Part of this process is aGlobal Online Conversation, which provides a platform for people all over the world to share their visions for building a just and sustainable world free from poverty.  The following contribution was made by IWHC to the online thematic consultation on Inequalities, specifically within the sub-discussion on “Inequalities faced by girls”.

    Young people all over the world face a range of unique challenges to exercising their rights.  Barriers to age-appropriate health services, meaningful education, and viable livelihoods opportunities are among the most pressing impediments to youth empowerment.

    Read more at Akimbo


  • Youth Day Submissions

    Youth Day 2018 Creative Symposium:Re-Imagining Democracy: in search of silenced voices

    We are delighted to announce the finalists of the 2018 South African Youth Day  Creative Symposium! After a very difficult selection process, nice amazing young artists were selected as finalists to get the chance to be featured in the 2018 State of Civil Society Report and receive a cash prize of up to 6,000R that can be donated to the organisation or cause of their choice.

    To help them win,  please vote for your favorite artist before June 10 and if you are in Johannesburg,  join them at an open mic event on Saturday 16 June from 9:00 am to 13:00 at the ASRI where they will showcase their work. 

    To RSVP for the event please complete this form 

    For the third time this year, the Youth Day Celebration is run in collaboration with members of CIVICUS Youth Working Group in South Africa– in 2018 we partnered with Emerging Leaders in Internet Governance (ELIG-SA) and Woke Project.

    The online general public vote will represent a 60% of the final evaluation score to select the top 2 in each category. The remaining 40% will be based on the audience reception and the selected judging panel present at the Youth Day open mic celebration on Saturday 16 June in Johannesburg.

    To vote go to our Facebook and Twitter pages.

    And the finalists are: 


    Eyethu Mfazwe: “Silenced youth wanting to be unsilenced” 

    Eyethu Mfazwe

    “Silenced youth wanting to be unsilenced” is about how the youth of today are looked down upon by people who are not youth. This poem talks about the potential of youth and the amazing things today's youth has done.

    How does youth action in South Africa amplify democracy principles and practices in the country?

    "I believe youth action amplifies democracy principles and perspectives in South Africa by fighting for the rights of the youth and equality. Mostly through protests. For example, university students marching for a free tertiary education in the Fees Must Fall movement over the past two years. The Department of Higher Education has been forced to prioritize a new fees model for tertiary education. This fees model is to accommodate students from all walks of life.  Youth action has gotten our government to act on the rights stipulated in our Bill of Rights. It has also forced the government to consider the youth’s freedom of expression as allowed in our democratic state." - Eyethu


     Like/Share/Retweet to Vote for Eyethu on Facebook and Twitter.

    Kholwani Ndhlovu: "Ipassa"

    Ipassa” is the story about the lives of asylum applicants in Johannesburg. Detailing the experience and helping the reader see things from the perspective of one who has lived it. The Main aim of Ipassa is to hold a mirror up to those in the majority to show what rules created to suit the majority can become a targeted weapon against minorities. In the work I seek to expose the unspoken truth about the condition of the new minority that is foreign nationals.

    How does youth action in South Africa amplify democracy principles and practices in the country?

    "It would seem to me that the youth would be the main driver of democracy in South Africa. It is the youth in the concerted use of social media and public space to allow for the sharing of diverse ideas. The millennial generation is a prime example as they have shown the ability to change and impact democracy across the globe. A prime example could be the Arab spring and The Fees must fall movement." Kholwani   @KholwaniNdhlovu

    Like/Share/Retweet to vote for Kholwani on Facebook and Twitter


    Mzungawi Mizo Maclean: Was it ever real?


    The art piece “Was it ever real” is inspired by a concern that rose in the author's mind. The youth is concerned about not being able to freely express themselves because they fear being judged by their peers and community. They’re concerned about not being able to tell a story not because of shyness or lack of self esteem but because how the community might receive and give feedback in a form or judgement.

    The youth has a variety of platforms to freely express themselves to their heart's content and that is through dance, poetry, painting/drawing, music etc. This art piece comes from the very core of my heart and it involves the story of a young girl who spent her last days making the world a better place through her angelic voice. She spent her days in loneliness with nobody to talk to and at the same time she was dying in sickness. She dedicated her last strength to pour her heart out and sing to the world around her. The city listened to her voice and it filled their hearts with warmth. This is what we as youth need to do, to live to serve one another, to tell a story through the gifts and talents that God has placed within us.

    The art piece relates to the Reimagining Democracy because we need to start using more “we” in our sentences and less of “I”. We as youth need to serve each other. We need to be thoughtful of each other’s lives and work together as a community. A famous saying goes “The greatest in the Kingdom is the one who serves” The gaps between our fingers are meant for filling so let us hold each with gladness in our hearts and serve. @Jiggymizo

    Like/Share/Retweet to vote for Mzungawi on Facebook and Twitter


    Siphesihle Mnisi, Refilwe Mametja and Pako Thobakgale: “The Battle for Africa

    Rise Club

    The Battle for Africa historicizes and reimagines the complex psychosocial and socio-economic factors that the Phenomenal Rise club see’s their peers struggling with every day, the Clubs response to this historical injustice is to re-enchant their peers and draw them away from the negativity of young people’s exposure to vulnerability and risk.

    How does youth action in South Africa amplify democracy principles and practices in the country?

    The Nellmapius Phenomenal Rise Club believes that taking action at school (Nellmapius Secondary School) creates a space where they can explore the risk factors that make adolescent boys and girls vulnerable to HIV, teen pregnancy, violence and other social ills in our society. As a club they recognize that young women and girls are also at risk through high risk behaviours such as transactional and age disparate sex, and as such they seek to RISE the voices of their peers and contribute towards the democratic development of responsive social support structures. 

    Like/Share/Retweet to vote for Siphesihle, Refilwe and Pako on Facebook and Twitter


    Malwande Mthethwa: “Never The Subject


    My main inspiration was a documentary "In and Out of Africa" published in 2004. My piece is an attempt to understand or explain why as Africans we often feel we cannot take charge of our own narratives. We have forever been objects because in many ways that is the only position we have been afforded. The greater question is "how do we move from that?" Never The Subject speaks of acknowledgement. I truly believe that the first step to creating solutions is to recognize the problems. The journey to solution and change begins when we accept the flaws. Often, especially as young people, we tend to want to quickly see results. We quickly want to see the day when we can all be equals. However, how will we get there if we fear the process? I believe the beginning of that process is to say “yes, there is a problem”. Someone once told me “if you cannot name it, you cannot overcome it.” My piece tries to acknowledge a flawed, hierarchical system with generational consequences, such as power and racial dynamics as well as inequalities in our country.  

    How does youth action in South Africa amplify democracy principles and practices in the country?

    "I am honestly not too sure how best to answer this question. I think as the youth in today’s time we are fortunate enough to have many more resources than the youth of previous generations. We have technology and more access to knowledge. As much as access to formal education is still limited, we have opportunities to create new theories and ask questions. In recent years youth action has become more open than ever as young people realize that their voice matters. This is a manner to amplify democracy principles through youth action. This action although in most cases begins in public protest, needs to lead to action plans and processes in order for us to reimagine democracy in our nation." @malwande.mthethwa

    Like/Share/Retweet to vote for Malwande on Facebook and Twitter


    Cay-Low Mbedzi: Unity

    Cay Low“Unity” speaks about bringing people from different groups (races and gender) together which can then allow one to practice his or her democratic rights without fear so in this sense unity is then the key to strengthen and deepen democracy .

    How does youth action in South Africa amplify democracy principles and practices in the country?

    "It allows for a participatory democracy in which the voice of young people can be used as a tool to change and shape policy and direction. When the youth decides on its fate, democracy is uplifted and positive contribution and solutions are brought together to impact societies."  @caylee

    Like/Share/Retweet to vote for Cay-Low on Facebook and Twitter


    Refilwe Mosiane: "Mosadi o tswara thipa ka bogaleng"

    RefilweI choose mama Winnie's youthful power stance. It mural that should encourage the youth of today to know their rights and to speak out.


    Like/Share/Retweet to vote for Refilwe on Facebook and Twitter



    Tebogo Chologi, a.k.a. Mrembola: "One for the Ghetto"

    TebogoIs a story about people stealing anti-retroviral medication designated for HIV/AIDS infected people to use as drugs. It is a stolen right to access to treatment for HIV/AIDS.One for the Ghetto” relates to reimagines democracy in the sense that in a democratic environment, people have a right to access to health care and other basic services, yet there are criminal elements “stealing one’s democratic right” in this instance by stealing a youth’s anti-retroviral medication, therefore denying him his basic rights in terms of the Bill of Rights in a democratic country.

    How does youth action in South Africa amplify democracy principles and practices in the country?

    "Youth, have a powerful vocal cord to voice their opinions and ideas through various platforms on how to run a democracy and how to contribute to the community and the country at large to make sure that whatever their inputs, it will assist in making South Africa a better place for all, and in particular themselves as youth, to prosper in a democratic environment.  Youth in action can positively create environments that are economically and socially uplifting for all participants where youth gather themselves to create job opportunities, sustainable living environments and caring communities. The youth’s voice must never be undermined as they are the future of a democratic country and should therefore always be listened to." - Tebogo @tchologi

    Like/Share/Retweet to vote for Tebogo on Facebook and Twitter


    FeleI wrote this song based on my daily struggles as a young black female and i was surprised at how different people from different backgrounds connected to it.  I would like to think all of my work expresses, comments and reacts to ubiquitous problems and injustices that the youth is currently facing, from ism's and phobias to everyday life as youth in South Africa. The same can be said for Colours which comments on the idea of democracy and equality in our country and how we have come far from apartheid but we tend to over look the negative things, just to keep the image of the rainbow nation. The song is filled with metaphors that are meant to make the listener rethink the events that happen around them. This relates to the theme of Re-imagining democracy in terms of removing the rose coloured glasses and see ourselves as we are, so we are really able to work through our issues as a country.

    How does youth action in South Africa amplify democracy principles and practices in the country?

    "With the youth connecting with each other and the world, using social media and the internet, it as become easy to talk to and understand a lot of people from different backgrounds, race groups, or even religions. This allows us as the youth to open up to unfamiliar beliefs and ideologies which creates social acceptance and tolerance, respect each others rights. The internet has made it hard to be indifferent, and it has became a great to voice injustices and fight for our rights. This makes everyone want to educate themselves about our country's democracy and motivate them to make up they own opinion about issues or even make moves to educate and help others voice themselves."- Fele

    Like/Share/Retweet to vote for Fele on Facebook and Twitter



  • Youths adopt Post- 2015 Development Vision

    Youths from different organizations and communities have adopted a powerful post -2015 development vision in a two-day consultation workshopheld in Freetown.The workshop was organized by Young Men Christian Association (YMCA) in collaboration with Restless Development (RD) and Ipasas leading organizations from Sierra Leone to feed into the post Millennium Development Goal (MDG) agenda.

    Outcomes from the consultation, according to the organizers, will be contributed to the framework that will be guiding future government policies not only in developing countries but also globally, on the ideas to ensure that any future development would recognize the role that young people play as assets and problem solvers.

    One of the facilitators, Moses Johnson from YMCA said that the workshop was for youth to identify the issues and challenges in the MDG and see what gaps and how they could be addressed in the next development framework, which could be set after 2015.

    He said young people will look at the MDG’s to see how far they can suggest alternatives that will replace them after 2015, adding that this workshop is among series of processes that various international organizations are undertaking to add youngpeople’s voice to the next development framework.

    Read more at Awoko Business


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