Cutting the Diamonds: Civil Society Index 2008-2011

This report provides the first description of the quantitative data from the second implementation phase (2008 to 2011) of CIVICUS' Civil Society Index, bringing together the information from a set of 25 countries for which the data was finalised at the time of writing. This presentation of the data intends to invite an interested audience of academics and practitioners alike to work further with the data in order to deepen the understanding of civil society around the world and thus to enhance the potential forcitizens’ participation for positive social change.

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Bridging the Gaps - Citizens organisations and dissociation

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Bridging the gaps: Citizens, Organisations and Dissociation

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Civil Society Organisations in Situations of Conflict

This new Civil Society Organisation in Situations of Conflict report authored by CIVICUS in partnership with the Open Forum for CSO Development Effectiveness summarises working conditions in more than 46 countries worldwide. It illustrates the specific dynamics, needs and challenges of CSOs working in situations of conflict and analyses how governments, international community and donors can ensure their policies adequately empower citizens and CSOs in all stages of peace building and development.

At the time of writing, more than thirty countries were embroiled in violent conflict. At this time of increasing violence, creating situations of instability and fragility, freedoms and the fulfillment of political, social and economic rights are not protected. Development actors and citizens face significant challenges not only to their effectiveness, but also to their safety, sustainability and livelihoods.

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Torture and Arbitrary Detention in Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan

This 40-page report is a compilation of personal narratives and analysis presented as a briefing to United Nations Special Rapporteurs on Human Rights. It identifies torture as a common practice in the Turkmen and Uzbek penal systems used to interrogate, punish alleged criminals of all varieties, silence perceived and actual dissent, or for no apparent reason. Long administrative detentions, medical malpractice, and other illegal activities often occur in conjunction with abuse.



Report on the challenges faced by women in civil society in Africa

In this report, CIVICUS reviews the status of women in civil society in Africa. The report lists key concerns and challenges for women human rights defenders on the continent. It calls upon African governments, regional bodies, the international community and civil society to act in earnest to protect these women. The report's conclusion argues that while advancements have been made in acknowledging the role and rights of women in recent years, there remain deeply rooted cultural, religious and patriarchal perceptions that continue to inhibit the work of women human rights defenders across the continent.


The Results of a Survey to Assess Practitioners' Priority Needs and Preferences



The Role of Civil Society Organisations in Promoting Social Justice and Sound Development Polices in SADC: A case study of Mozambique, South Africa and Zimbabwe

The Southern African Development Community (SADC) Accountability Project surveys in Mozambique, South Africa and Zimbabwe were carried out by three researchers from each country. This report draws heavily from these country studies to provide a synthesis of the salient issues applicable to and prevailing in Southern African countries. In addition, the report also provides a comparative analysis of the main issues across countries in order to come up with clear conclusions and recommendations for the benefit of CSO-State relations.



CIVICUS PG Practitioners' Brainstorming Workshop Report

This report serves as a summary of the main discussions and outcomes of the Strategies for Promoting Participatory Governance: A Multi-Stakeholder Brainstorming Workshop, which took place in Glasgow, Scotland from 22-23 June 2007. The brainstorming workshop marked the launch of a new phase of the CIVICUS Participatory Governance Programme, which focuses on enhancing the capacity of southern civil society practitioners to promote participatory and accountable governance of public institutions at local and national levels.



A Report on Lessons Learnt from Regional-level Skills Development, Innovation Grant and Networking Activities (2008-2009)



CIVICUS Participatory Governance Programme: External Evaluation Report

CIVICUS commissioned an end of funding phase evaluation for its Participatory Governance (PG) Programme which took place from November 2009 through January 2010. The overall goal of the evaluation was to assess the effectiveness of the programme in terms of its objectives. The specific objectives were to; (i) establish the extent to which the programme has achieved its stated objectives, (ii) identify the key challenges and constraints faced in the programme and how these were or were not addressed, and (iii) identify lessons learnt and recommendations for future phases of the programme.



Turning principles into practice: A guide to legitimacy, transparency and accountability

CIVICUS has developed several initiatives to equip CSOs to move from legitimacy, accountability and transparency (LTA) principles to practices in their organisations and networks. Besides this resource centre which spots LTA resources from a myriad civil society institutions from all over the world, the CIVICUS LTA team has put together a guideline to assist CSOs implement LTA.



The Compendium of International Legal Instruments and Other Intergovernmental Commitments Concerning Core Civil Society Rights

The compendium is an important reference document for advocacy groups while framing their demands for the protection and expansion of civil society space. Other tools and resources for civil society activists can be accessed here. This version was updated in January 2014.

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The Role of Civil Society Organisations in Achieving Participatory Democracy and Reconciliation

This paper is based on a presentation by CIVICUS CSI staff member, Mahi Khallaf, at the International Symposium in Cyprus, 25-26 February 2005.



The Civil Society Diamond: A Primer

This report reviews the methodology for the Civil Society Diamond.



Taking the Pulse of Civil Society Worldwide: Insights from the CIVICUS Civil Society Index Project (2003-2007)

A paper presented at the 8th conference of the International Society for Third Sector Research, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain, 9-12 July 2008.



Summary of CSI Methodology and Conceptual Framework

This document presents a brief summary of the main features of the CSI's conceptual framework and methodological approach.



Sharing Lessons and Comparing the State of Civil Society in Post Communist Europe

This is a post-workshop paper, based on the discussions that took place at the CIVICUS Civil Society Index Regional Workshop in the Czech Republic from 5-7 April 2006.



Improving the Understanding and Strength of Civil Society

A briefing paper on the contribution of the CIVICUS Civil Society Index to civil society strengthening programmes worldwide.



Índice de la Sociedad Civil: Herramienta para el Fortalecimiento de la Sociedad Civil en América Latina

Una descripción del Índice de la Sociedad Civil (ISC) CIVICUS en el contexto de América Latina.



How Civil Society Influences Policy: A Comparative Analysis of the CIVICUS Civil Society Index in Post-Communist Europe

This working paper, a collaboration between CIVICUS and ODI, presents an analysis of the policy-relevant findings of the CIVICUS Civil Society Index in a group of countries in Central and Eastern Europe and Eurasia: Bulgaria, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Georgia, Macedonia, Poland, Romania, Slovenia and Ukraine.



Handbook on how to use the Index as a self-assessment tool

This is a handbook on how to use the Index as a self-assessment tool for civil society practitioners. This handbook, written by Richard Holloway in 2001, provides in-depth guidance on applying the Index project's tools to diagnose the health of civil society in your community, region or sector.



From Impossibility to Reality

A reflection and position paper on the CSI Pilot Phase by Volkhart Finn Heinrich and Kumi Naidoo.



External Impact Assessment of the CIVICUS Civil Society Index between 2003 to 2006 – Full Report

External Impact Assessment of the CSI Programme (Phase 2003 – 2006) carried out by Skat, a consulting firm from Switzerland, from October to December 2009 (January, 2010).




Evaluation report on the CSI pilot phase

Read the executive summary of the independent CSI evaluation report by the Hauser Center for Nonprofit Organisations, Harvard University.




Civil Society – Measurement, Evaluation, Policy

This book provides a comprehensive and flexible framework for the definition, measurement, analysis and interpretation of civil society based on the innovative 'Civil Society Diamond'.

Available for purchase.


CIVICUS Civil Society Index: Preliminary Findings Phase 2003-2005

The CIVICUS Civil Society Index (CSI) Project held the International CSI Workshop from 19 to 21 June 2006 in Glasgow, Scotland. The ICSI Workshop provided a forum for the CSI project partners and selected stakeholders to identify and discuss key findings of the CSI and to evaluate the CSI project phase 2003-2006. A pre-workshop paper was produced on the preliminary results of the CSI.



CIVICUS Civil Society Index: Assessing and Strengthening Civil Society Worldwide

This report provides a detailed account of the project approach, conceptual and analytical framework and research methodology of the innovative CIVICUS Civil Society Index (CSI) Project.




Building knowledge about civil society

This article appeared in CIVICUS World, the January-February 2001 Edition.



Assessing Civil Society in Cyprus and Across the World - The CIVICUS Civil Society Index

This report was presented at the International Symposium in Cyprus, 25-26 February 2005.



Assessing and Strengthening Civil Society Worldwide - An updated programme description of the CIVICUS Civil Society Index: Phase 2008 to 2010

The report provides the full programme description, implementation process and analytical framework of the Civil Society Index of Phase 2 (2008-2010).

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Analysing threats to civil society around the world

This report reviews CSI country data from 2003-2007 to analyse threats to civil society around the world.



Civil society: The clamp-down is real

The last decade, and especially 2009 and 2010, have been particularly hard for civil society and human rights defenders. Negative global trends that began soon after 9/11 have come to a head as governments have continued to encroach on fundamental freedoms. CIVICUS has put together a synthesis report highlighting these trends.

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