Laos: Nine years on, civil society worldwide still demands answers on Sombath's enforced disappearance

On the ninth anniversary of the enforced disappearance of Lao civil society leader Sombath Somphone, we, the undersigned organisations, reiterate our calls on the Lao government to determine his fate and whereabouts and deliver justice to him and his family.

We condemn the Lao government's ongoing failure to solve Sombath's disappearance and its refusal to provide any updates on his case. In previous years, the government made occasional statements to claim it was still investigating Sombath's disappearance. However, a curtain of silence has fallen on Sombath's case over the past year. The government's last public remarks on Sombath's case were made on 28 September 2020, during the UN (United Nations) Human Rights Council's adoption of Laos's third Universal Periodic Review (UPR). During that review, the government did not accept all five recommendations that called for an adequate investigation into Sombath's enforced disappearance, despite stating that it recognised that "the search for missing Lao citizens, including Sombath Somphone, is the duty of the Lao government." 

On 5 February 2021, four UN Human Rights Council's Special Procedure mandate holders wrote to the Lao government to reiterate their concern regarding the lack of progress in the investigation into Sombath's disappearance. In their communication, the UN human rights experts noted an "absence of evidence to indicate that efforts have been made to further the search for his [Sombath's] fate and whereabouts." To date, the government has not replied to this communication.

Even more troubling is the government's ongoing failure to meet with Sombath's wife, Shui Meng Ng, and provide her with any updates on his case since December 2017, despite her repeated requests. The government's protracted and deliberate silence aims to consign the case of Sombath to oblivion.

Our organisations condemn the government's inaction and silence and remain steadfast in supporting Sombath's family's quest for truth and justice. Until Sombath's fate and whereabouts are revealed, we will continue to demand the Lao government answer the question: "Where is Sombath?"

We also stand in solidarity with all the other victims of enforced disappearances in Laos. We reiterate our demand that all cases be effectively investigated following international standards, the perpetrators of such serious crimes be identified and held accountable in fair trials, and victims be afforded an effective remedy and full reparations.

Enforced disappearance is a severe human rights violation and is unequivocally prohibited under international law. Relatives of people who are forcibly disappeared are victims of enforced disappearance and have the right to an effective remedy for violations of international human rights law.

We are also extremely concerned at what appears to be a retreat by diplomats and donors in Laos from interventions to uphold and protect the rights of all people in Laos. We urge Laos' donors and the diplomatic community to continuously and publicly highlight the importance and urgency of meeting its human rights commitments and obligations to the Lao government.

Lastly, we urge the Lao government to ratify the International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance without further delay, which Laos signed in September 2008. We demand to incorporate the Convention's provisions into the national legal framework, implement them in practice, and recognise the Committee on Enforced Disappearance's jurisdiction to receive and consider communications from or on behalf of victims or other states parties.


Background

Sombath Somphone was last seen at a police checkpoint on a busy street of the Lao capital, Vientiane, on the evening of 15 December 2012. Footage from a CCTV camera showed that Sombath's vehicle was stopped at the police checkpoint and that, within minutes, unknown individuals forced him into another vehicle and drove him away in the presence of police officers. CCTV footage also showed an unknown individual driving Sombath's vehicle away from the city centre. The presence of police officers at Sombath's abduction and their failure to intervene strongly indicates state agents' participation in Sombath's enforced disappearance.

Signed by:

  1. Alternative ASEAN Network on Burma (ALTSEAN-Burma)
  2. Amnesty International
  3. ARTICLE  19
  4. ASEAN Parliamentarians for Human Rights (APHR)
  5. Asian Federation Against Involuntary Disappearances (AFAD)
  6. Asian Forum for Human Rights and Development (FORUM-ASIA)
  7. Asian Network for Free Elections (ANFREL)
  8. Asian Resource Foundation (ARF)
  9. Association of Women for Awareness and Motivation (AWAM)
  10. Banglar Manabadhikar Suraksha Mancha (MASUM)
  11. Cambodian Human Rights and Development Association (ADHOC)
  12. Cambodian League for the Promotion and Defense of Human Rights (LICADHO)
  13. Center for Prisoners' Rights
  14. Centre for Civil and Political Rights
  15. CETRI - Centre tricontinental
  16. CIVICUS: World Alliance for Citizen Participation
  17. Commission for Disappeared and Victims of Violence (KontraS)
  18. Commonwealth Human Rights Initiative (CHRI)
  19. Cross Cultural Foundation (CrCF)
  20. CSW
  21. Defenders of Human Rights Center (DHRC)
  22. FIDH – International Federation for Human Rights, within the framework of the Observatory for the Protection of Human Rights Defenders
  23. Focus on the Global South
  24. Fortify Rights
  25. Fresh Eyes
  26. Hawai'i Center for Human Rights Research & Action
  27. Human Rights Commission of Pakistan (HRCP)
  28. Human Rights Watch
  29. International Commission of Jurists (ICJ)
  30. International Rivers
  31. Internet Law Reform Dialogue (iLaw)
  32. Justice for Peace Foundation (JPF)
  33. Karapatan Alliance Philippines
  34. Lao Movement for Human Rights (LMHR)
  35. League for the Defence of Human Rights in Iran (LDDHI)
  36. Maldivian Democracy Network (MDN)
  37. Manushya Foundation
  38. MARUAH
  39. Mekong Watch
  40. Mother Nature Cambodia
  41. Nonviolence International
  42. Odhikar
  43. People's Solidarity for Participatory Democracy (PSPD)
  44. People's Watch
  45. Persatuan Sahabat Wanita Selangor
  46. Programme Against Custodial Torture and Impunity (PACTI)
  47. Rotary Peace Fellowship Alumni Association (RPFAA)
  48. Stiftung Asienhaus
  49. Suara Rakyat Malaysia (SUARAM)
  50. Task Force Detainees of the Philippines (TFDP)
  51. Thai Lawyers for Human Rights (TLHR)
  52. The William Gomes Podcast
  53. Transnational Institute
  54. Union for Civil Liberty (UCL)
  55. Vietnam Committee on Human Rights (VCHR)
  56. Women's Peace Network (WPN)
  57. Women's Rehabilitation Centre (WOREC)
  58. World Organisation Against Torture (OMCT), within the framework of the Observatory for the Protection of Human Rights Defenders
  59. World Rainforest Movement (WRM)

Individuals:

  1. Prof. Anuradha Chenoy
  2. Dr David JH Blake, Independent scholar, UK
  3. Dhevy Sivaprakasam, Asia Pacific Policy Counsel, Access Now
  4. Randy Arnst
  5. William Nicholas Gomes

 

 

 

 

 

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